Human Capital Ranking of Muslim Countries 2019

Assalamu alykum,

Today we will delve into the concept of human capital and role of ummah for developing human capital.

  1. The definition of human capital

Human capital is the stock of habits, knowledge, social and personality attributes (including creativity) embodied in the ability to perform labour so as to produce economic value.

By definitions, the youth of the Muslim countries are not getting the expected level of human capital, at least the ranking below will prove our statement. But why, we will have a close look into the matters.

Human capital investment can develop new and different skills within the existing employees’ talents and will increase the employee retention rate, which resultantly bring attractive long-term career opportunities.

In a company level, human capital is a way to quantify the economic value of a specific employee’s set of skills. The collective profile of skills for all employees not only meets company’s needs, but also adds to company’s intrinsic value, and thereby enriching long-term assets (Enterprenure.com).

2. World Bank Ranking of Nations

The World Bank Group has published the world human capital index of nations.

The index measures the amount of human capital that a child born today can expect to attain by age 18, given the risks of poor health and poor education that prevail in the country where she lives

World Bank Group

The 2018 Ranking

Rank Country Score
1 Singapore 0.88
2 Japan 0.84
3 Korea, South 0.84
4 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.82
5 Finland 0.81
6 Ireland 0.81
7 Australia 0.8
8 Canada 0.8
9 Netherlands 0.8
10 Sweden 0.8
11 Austria 0.79
12 Germany 0.79
13 Slovenia 0.79
14 Czechia 0.78
15 Portugal 0.78
16 United Kingdom 0.78
17 Denmark 0.77
18 Italy 0.77
19 New Zealand 0.77
20 Norway 0.77
21 Switzerland 0.77
22 Belgium 0.76
23 France 0.76
24 Israel 0.76
25 Macao SAR, China 0.76
26 Serbia 0.76
27 United States 0.76
28 Cyprus 0.75
29 Estonia 0.75
30 Kazakhstan 0.75
31 Poland 0.75
32 Iceland 0.74
33 Spain 0.74
34 Russia 0.73
35 Croatia 0.72
36 Latvia 0.72
37 Lithuania 0.71
38 Hungary 0.7
39 Malta 0.7
40 Luxembourg 0.69
41 Slovakia 0.69
42 Bulgaria 0.68
43 Greece 0.68
44 Seychelles 0.68
45 Bahrain 0.67
46 Chile 0.67
47 China 0.67
48 Vietnam 0.67
49 United Arab Emirates 0.66
50 Ukraine 0.65
51 Mauritius 0.63
52 Mongolia 0.63
53 Turkey 0.63
54 Albania 0.62
55 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.62
56 Costa Rica 0.62
57 Malaysia 0.62
58 Montenegro 0.62
59 Oman 0.62
60 Argentina 0.61
61 Georgia 0.61
62 Mexico 0.61
63 Qatar 0.61
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.61
65 Azerbaijan 0.6
66 Ecuador 0.6
67 Romania 0.6
68 Thailand 0.6
69 Uruguay 0.6
70 Colombia 0.59
71 Iran 0.59
72 Peru 0.59
73 Kuwait 0.58
74 Kyrgyzstan 0.58
75 Moldova 0.58
76 Saudi Arabia 0.58
77 Sri Lanka 0.58
78 Armenia 0.57
79 Brazil 0.56
80 Jordan 0.56
81 Kosovo 0.56
82 Philippines 0.55
83 Tuvalu 0.55
84 West Bank and Gaza 0.55
85 Jamaica 0.54
86 Lebanon 0.54
87 Indonesia 0.53
88 Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of 0.53
89 Nicaragua 0.53
90 Panama 0.53
91 Paraguay 0.53
92 Tajikistan 0.53
93 Algeria 0.52
94 Kenya 0.52
95 Tonga 0.51
96 Tunisia 0.51
97 El Salvador 0.5
98 Morocco 0.5
99 Cambodia 0.49
100 Dominican Republic 0.49
101 Egypt, 0.49
102 Guyana 0.49
103 Honduras 0.49
104 Nepal 0.49
105 Bangladesh 0.48
106 Kiribati 0.48
107 Myanmar 0.47
108 Vanuatu 0.47
109 Guatemala 0.46
110 Gabon 0.45
111 Haiti 0.45
112 Laos 0.45
113 Ghana 0.44
114 India 0.44
115 Solomon Islands 0.44
116 Zimbabwe 0.44
117 Namibia 0.43
118 Timor-Leste 0.43
119 Botswana 0.42
120 Congo, Rep. 0.42
121 Senegal 0.42
122 Benin 0.41
123 Comoros 0.41
124 eSwatini 0.41
125 Malawi 0.41
126 South Africa 0.41
127 Togo 0.41
128 Gambia, The 0.4
129 Iraq 0.4
130 Tanzania 0.4
131 Zambia 0.4
132 Afghanistan 0.39
133 Cameroon 0.39
134 Pakistan 0.39
135 Burundi 0.38
136 Ethiopia 0.38
137 Papua New Guinea 0.38
138 Sudan 0.38
139 Uganda 0.38
140 Burkina Faso 0.37
141 Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.37
142 Guinea 0.37
143 Lesotho 0.37
144 Madagascar 0.37
145 Rwanda 0.37
146 Yemen 0.37
147 Angola 0.36
148 Mozambique 0.36
149 Côte d’Ivoire 0.35
150 Mauritania 0.35
151 Sierra Leone 0.35
152 Nigeria 0.34
153 Liberia 0.32
154 Mali 0.32
155 Niger 0.32
156 South Sudan 0.3
157 Chad 0.29

3. Relevant Quranic verses:

‘Never will Allah change the condition of a people, until they change themselves.’Al-Qur’an 13:11″

“Indeed Allah will help those who help Him. Indeed Allah is Exalted in Might, All-Powerful.”Al-Qur’an 22:40

“Allah has promised to those amongst you who believe and do righteous actions that He will grant you the khilafah in the land.”Al-Qur’an 47:7, 37:171-173, 58:21 and 24:55

Ref: Tafsir of Chapter 022 Verse 40: “Indeed Allah will help those who help Him”

4. The action of the Self

Some people expect Allah to hand them everything, without the slightest exertion on their part; and yet, when they’re deprived of a benefit, they curse their Lord! Allah is not obliged to provide for us or remove our suffering, and yet He does (even the infidels and kufars!). Do your part first, then leave the rest up to Allah Who :insha: will favour you with His mercy and assistance.

One day, the Prophet :saw: saw a Bedouin man dismount his camel and begin to walk away. The Prophet :saw: asked him, “aren’t you going to tie your camel?” The man replied “I put my trust in Allah.” The prophet :saw: said: “First tie your camel, then put your trust in Allah.” (Ref: UMMAH.com)

5. Closing remarks

Considering the above information, we now would like to put the following questions for your thinking:

  • What is the cause of low HC in Muslim countries?
  • Do Muslims not have any plan?
  • Do Muslims not have any resources to develop HC?
  • Why are not the Muslim Leaders taking necessary actions?
  • What are the possible solutions?
  • Who should come forward first?
  • What would be my role in this regards?

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